Pilots of the Cybathlon will compete in six disciplines:
- Arm Prosthetics Race
- BCI Race (BCI: Brain Computer Interface)
- FES Bike Race (FES: Functional Electrical Stimulation)
- Leg Prosthetics Race
- Powered Exoskeleton Race
- Powered Wheelchair Race
General Rules for Teams and Pilots
- Several teams participate in the competition. A team consists of at least one technology provider (e.g. member of a research lab or a company) and one pilot. The technology provider is usually also the developer of the device, who tunes and adapts the technology and provides technical support during the race. In exceptional cases, when the pilot develops and brings his or her own technology, the provider and pilot can be the same person.
- Each team can participate in several disciplines. In each discipline, only one pilot of a team can participate.
- Pilots must be at least 18 years old on the day of the race.
- In the pilots’ inclusion criteria of each discipline, the minimally requested level of the pilots’ lesion or amputation is defined. Pilots who have more severe handicaps can be included, although they might have a disadvantage in comparison to the target group. Each case is individually checked by the committee to assure that the difference, i.e. disadvantage, is not too distinct.
- The pilots must be able to understand and agree to all conditions needed to fulfill the challenges on their own.
- Pilots must have sufficient cognitive and communicative abilities to understand the races and rules. The teams should provide the pilots with sufficient training.
- Spinal cord injured pilots must provide a medical testimony to verify the severity of their lesion (see Cybathlon registration form).
- Team members must not use cardiac pacemakers.
General Rules for Technology and Devices
- The technical devices and their use must be safe for the pilot, the environment, and other people involved prior and during the races. Safety approvals must be provided several months prior to the race (see Cybathlon registration form). The descriptions of and documentations for the devices are checked by an independent expert committee. Assistants and technical arrangements supplement the safety precautions during the race.
- The day before or on the day of the race, the physical hardware and software are checked by the expert committee. After this safety and function check, the devices must not be changed anymore. Inspection of the used technology and devices by independent experts can also occur any time on the day of the race. If the team refuses the inspection, the team is disqualified.
- It is allowed to use commercially available devices. It is allowed to modify them to optimize the function. Alternatively, completely new devices (prototypes, research devices) are also allowed.
- Prior to all of the races of a discipline, a set of components (batteries, control units, tools, replacement equipment, etc.) that will be used in all of the races of the respective discipline must be defined. All components have to be carried along during all of the races. It is not allowed to change the set of components, i.e. remove or add new components, at any later time point.
- During the race, the pilot is allowed to maintain or replace components that are part of the set that was defined prior to all of the races and that are carried along by the pilot. Between the races, any member of the team is allowed to maintain or replace components that are part of the set that was defined prior to all of the races. Between the races, members of the team are also allowed to replace identical components (replacement equipment) that are not carried along by the pilot during the races.
- Communication (wired or wireless) between the device and any third-party stationary site is not allowed, i.e. remote connection to control the device by any other person than the pilot is forbidden, except for emergency stop and data monitoring.
- Combustion engines are not allowed.
 A separate sub-discipline might be established in case that a large number of pilots with considerably more severe handicaps will register.
The complete set of rules including the specific rules for the different disciplines can be found here.